What Kind of Food do Pet Rats Eat?

It is important to provide a balanced and nutritious diet for your pet rat to ensure their overall health and well-being.

A pet rat’s diet should consist of a combination of dry food, fresh vegetables, and occasional treats. Dry food should make up the majority of their diet, with fresh vegetables and fruits given in moderation.

Some good options for dry food include pellets and lab blocks that are specifically formulated for rats. Fresh vegetables such as leafy greens, carrots, and bell peppers can be given daily. However, avoid feeding your pet rat foods that are high in sugar, salt, or fat.

Basic Rat Diet

Pet rats require a well-balanced diet to maintain their health and happiness. A basic diet for pet rats should include a combination of pellets, fresh vegetables and fruits, and protein sources.


Pellets are an essential part of a rat’s diet because they provide a balanced mix of nutrients. It is recommended to choose high-quality pellets that are specifically formulated for rats. Oxbow pet rat food is a popular choice for pet rat owners because it is made with high-quality ingredients and contains all the essential nutrients that pet rats need.

When feeding pellets, make sure to follow the recommended serving size on the package. Overfeeding pellets can lead to obesity and other health problems.

Fresh Vegetables and Fruits

Fresh vegetables and fruits are an important part of a rat’s diet because they provide essential vitamins and minerals. Some healthy vegetables for rats include broccoli, carrots, kale, and squash. Fruits such as apples, bananas, and berries are also good options.

Protein Sources

Protein is an important part of a rat’s diet because it helps build and repair muscle tissue. Good protein sources for rats include cooked lean meats, such as chicken or turkey, and cooked eggs. Mealworms and small dog biscuits can also be given as occasional treats.

Treats for Pet Rats

Pet rats enjoy treats just like any other pet, here are some treats that pet rat owners can consider giving their furry friends:

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are a great source of vitamins and minerals for pet rats. Some good options include:

  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Blueberries
  • Broccoli
  • Carrots
  • Grapes
  • Mangoes
  • Peas
  • Pineapple
  • Raspberries
  • Spinach
  • Strawberries
  • Sweet potatoes

It is important to note that fruits should be given in moderation due to their high sugar content. Vegetables should be washed thoroughly before being given to pet rats.


Pet rats require protein in their diet to maintain good health. Some good sources of protein for pet rats include:

  • Cooked chicken
  • Hard-boiled eggs
  • Cooked fish
  • Cooked lean meat
  • Tofu

It is important to avoid giving pet rats raw or undercooked meat as it can lead to health problems.

Dangerous Foods for pet rats

While there are many foods that pet rats can safely consume, there are also some that should be avoided. It’s important to be aware of these foods to prevent any potential health issues.

1. Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits should be avoided as they are too acidic for pet rats to digest properly. This can lead to digestive issues and even mouth sores.

3. Chocolate

Chocolate contains theobromine, which is toxic to rats and can cause seizures and even death. It’s best to avoid feeding your pet rat any chocolate, no matter how much they may beg for it.

3. Processed Foods

Processed foods such as chips, fast food, and other junk food should be avoided as they are high in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats. These foods can lead to obesity and other health issues in pet rats.

Can pet rats eat bananas?

Yes, pet rats can eat bananas. Bananas are a good source of vitamins and minerals for rats, but they should be given in moderation as they are high in sugar.

Is bread safe for pet rats to eat?

Bread is not toxic to pet rats, but it should be given in moderation as it is high in carbohydrates and low in nutrients. Whole grain bread is a better option than white bread, and it should be given in small pieces to avoid the risk of choking.

Can pet rats eat cheese?

Cheese is safe for pet rats to eat in small amounts, but it should not be given as a regular part of their diet. Cheese is high in fat and salt, which can be harmful to rats if given in excess.

What foods are toxic to pet rats?

Some foods that are toxic to pet rats include chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, avocado, citrus fruits, garlic and onions. These foods should be avoided to prevent health problems in pet rats.