What to Put in a Rat Playpen?

A Rat playpen is an excellent way to provide your furry friends with a safe and stimulating environment outside of their cage. Playpens can be made of various materials, including plastic, cardboard or metal and can be customized to suit your rat’s needs. But what should you put in a rat playpen to keep your pets entertained and engaged?

First and foremost, rats love to explore and climb, so providing them with plenty of tunnels, ramps, and platforms is essential. You can use cardboard boxes, PVC pipes, or wooden blocks to create a maze-like structure that your rats can navigate.

Adding a hammock or a hanging bed can also provide a cozy spot for your rats to rest and play.

Flooring and Bedding

When it comes to the flooring and bedding in a rat playpen, there are a few things to keep in mind. First and foremost, it’s important to choose a material that is safe for rats to walk on and won’t cause any harm to their delicate feet.

One popular option is fleece. Fleece is soft, comfortable, and easy to clean. It also provides a non-slip surface for rats to walk on, which can be especially important if you have older or less agile rats in your playpen. Another great thing about fleece is that it’s reusable and can be washed and dried multiple times.

Another option for flooring and bedding is paper-based products such as Carefresh or Yesterday’s News. These products are absorbent and help to control odors, making them a great choice for playpens. However, it’s important to note that some rats may try to eat the bedding, so it’s important to monitor your rats closely if you choose this option.

Toys to Include in a Rat playpen

A well-stocked playpen can provide hours of entertainment for rats. It’s essential to provide a variety of toys and enrichment activities to keep rats mentally stimulated and prevent boredom.

  • Chew toys: Rats love to chew, and providing them with safe chew toys can help keep their teeth healthy and prevent destructive chewing behavior. Wooden blocks, untreated wicker baskets, and cardboard tubes are all great options.
  • Climbing toys: Rats are excellent climbers, and they love to explore their environment. Providing them with ladders, ropes, and branches can help satisfy their climbing instincts.
  • Hiding places: Rats love to have a cozy place to hide and sleep. Providing them with hammocks, boxes, and tunnels can give them a sense of security.
  • Interactive toys: Rats are intelligent animals and enjoy toys that require problem-solving and interaction. Puzzle feeders, treat balls, and toys that dispense treats can provide mental stimulation.

Food and Water

Rats require a balanced diet to stay healthy and active. In a playpen, it’s essential to provide them with fresh food and water. A water bottle is the best way to provide water to rats, as it keeps the water clean and prevents spills. Place the water bottle in a secure location where rats can easily access it.

When it comes to food, rats are omnivores, which means they eat both plant and animal-based foods. A good diet for rats should consist of a variety of fresh fruits, vegetables, grains, and proteins. Some of the best foods to include in a rat’s diet are:

  • Fresh fruits like apples, bananas, and strawberries
  • Vegetables like carrots, broccoli, and spinach
  • Grains like oats, rice, and quinoa
  • Proteins like chicken, eggs, and tofu

It’s important to provide rats with a balanced diet that includes all the necessary nutrients. Avoid giving them too many sugary or fatty foods, as they can lead to health problems like obesity and diabetes.

Rats also enjoy treats like nuts, seeds and dried fruits. However, these should be given in moderation as they are high in fat and calories.

What Toys Should I Include in my Rat Playpen?

In order to create the best playpen set up for your pet rats make sure to include toys like ladders and ropes for their love of climbing, and cozy tunnels and hammocks for hideaways. For a touch of fun, add puzzle feeders.

What are some good climbing structures for rats in a playpen?

In a playpen, rats benefit from various climbing structures. Wooden ladders provide a vertical challenge, while hammocks double as resting spots and climbing obstacles. Natural elements like branches and logs emulate their wild environment, but it’s essential to ensure they’re safe and free from sharp edges. Additionally, spacious tubes and tunnels serve both as hideouts and intriguing climbing adventures for these curious creatures.


Creating a stimulating and safe playpen for your pet rats is essential for their well-being. From suitable bedding and flooring to fun toys that cater to their climbing, chewing, and problem-solving instincts. Where each element plays a vital role in keeping them active, engaged, and healthy.

By considering their natural behaviors and needs, you can create a play area that not only entertains but also promotes their physical and mental health.